Up to 80% of the population unknowingly has some form of gum disease. Characterized by a persistent bacterial infection surrounding one tooth or several teeth, gum disease causes little discomfort and produces few obvious symptoms in the early stages. When periodontal disease is not treated, it will spread and compromise gums, teeth and bone. It can also lead to heart disease, strokes, diabetes and pregnancy complications.
The following conditions greatly exacerbate the risk of gum disease: smoking, tobacco use, hormone fluctuations, stress, some medications, bruxism, diabetes, poor nutrition, and HIV. Patients who suffer from diseases resulting in immunosuppression, heredity, and poor oral hygiene are also at risk. Even patients who practice good oral homecare routines can get gum disease. Gums irritated by bacteria can recede from the teeth, creating deep pockets where more bacteria can hide and flourish.
Early on when redness, swelling, and bleeding are the only symptoms, we can treat and reverse gum disease without surgery. Regular checkups greatly increase your potential for early detection and conservative treatment. Generally, treatment will include careful, individualized instructions regarding the most effective means of brushing and flossing at home. This strategy is sometimes accompanied by professional scaling or careful scraping of all affected tooth surfaces and gum pocket irrigation. Usually, patients will experience immediate improvement. If symptoms don't improve significantly, you may require surgical treatment.
If gum disease progresses without intervention, a patient may need surgery to remediate the disease and restore the mouth to good oral health. Typically, periodontists may perform four surgical treatments: pocket depth reduction, bone or tissue regeneration, crown lengthening and/or soft tissue grafts. All of these procedures may improve your chances of keeping your teeth for life.
If you have further questions about gum disease and current treatments, please contact our office for a consultation.